Elbow pads protect 3 main areas of the arm: the elbow joint, the lower bicep and triceps area, and the forearm. The pads should protect from the end of the shoulder pad’s bicep guard to the cuff of the glove.
Construction is straightforward, consisting of a protective cap at the elbow joint with arm attachments above and below. Elbow pads come in either 2 or 3 piece designs with some models available in a soft or hard cap construction; soft caps tend to be slightly easier to maneuver in, while hard caps offer more protection.
A properly fitted elbow pad will allow the player's elbow to rest comfortably in the center of the cup while also allowing a full range of motion. When strapped on, the pad should not move side to side, up or down. It should fit comfortably without cutting off circulation to the arm and not feel too tight or too loose.
Sizing is based on player height. A good rule of thumb is that the pad should leave minimal gaps between the bottom of the shoulder pad bicep guard and the cuff of the glove.