Shin guards protect the knee and lower leg from impact with the puck, other players, or the ice and are an important piece as their protection is tested on almost every play.
They’re generally constructed with a protective plastic shell, foam padding, liner and connecting straps. At the shin, the shell is usually raised from the padding so that impacts are completely removed from the body. The back of the leg is protected via foam padded calf wraps.
When fitted properly, the knee should sit directly in the center of the knee guard, with the shin pad extending down the leg and resting at the top of the skates. If the shin guard is too long, it will be pushed up by the skate, if it’s too short, there will be a noticeable gap between the top of the skate and the end of guard. A correctly sized shin guard should fit comfortably under the skate tongue without shifting.
To determine the size you’ll need, with measure the length of the shin from the center of the knee cap to the top of the skate with the leg bent at 90 degrees. The length measured in inches will approximate the size shin guard you’ll need.